A Critique of Melissa Rubio’s Article on Opioid Addiction in Women

Drug abuse is a global issue affecting people of all backgrounds including women and children (Rubio, 2016). Notably, about two thirds of the world’s illicit drugs are consumed in the United States. According to Rubio (2016), heroin and opioid painkillers are the most common abused drugs in the U.S. Furthermore, opioid addiction in women has become a major public health concern during recent years. Women abuse drugs due to many reasons such as an addicted spouse or friend and frustrations (Rubio, 2016). In her article “A Phenomenological View of Opioid-Addicted Women Entering Methadone Treatment”, Rubio (2016) qualitatively explores the experiences of thirteen opioid-addicted women undergoing methadone treatment. This critique reviews the ethical aspect, research tradition, sampling strategy, data collection, and relevance to clinical practice of the research study reported in the article.

The research project observed all the ethical aspects of a study successfully. The privacy of the participants and the confidentiality of their responses were maintained by using alias to prevent any potential harm such as distress, embarrassment, and employment loss. Additionally, Rubio (2016) only provided transcribed information that seemed relevant to their addiction journey. Information such as names and even the location of the clinic where the study was performed were not divulged to preserve the participants from social and psychological harm. Indeed, the research concerned a vulnerable group consisting of opioid-addicted women and precautions to protect their vulnerability were observed by first obtaining an informed consent and discussing the confidentiality of their responses. A qualitative research tradition was clearly identified for the present study. The research purpose, questions, and methodology of data collection and analysis were explicitly discussed by the author (Rubio, 2016). In this phenomenological study, the author combined methods of collecting data such as interviews and manual analysis (Rubio, 2016). The study used an interpretive phenomenological analysis approach, which utilized both semi-structured and unstructured interviews to allow respondents to be open as possible…

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