Accident Causation Models

Assessment 2 – Essay

Weighting30% of Total Grade
FormatLength: 2,000 words. Essay in Word format.
Due Date and timeWeek 9, 27th April, 11.59pm (AWST)
TopicAccident Causation Models
InstructionsCompare and contrast three accident causation models of your choice. You will need to: Describe the three models of your choice using peer-reviewed literature, in a clear and concise manner.From your research, indicate how the models are similar and different in terms of their approaches, theories, methodologies, etc.Discuss any areas of disagreement, controversy or debate.
Marking CriteriaPresentation (3 marks) Your essay should include the following: ECU Assignment Cover SheetTitle PageIntroductionMain Body (include relevant headings and subheadings as you see fit)ConclusionReference list Introduction & Conclusion (3 marks) Main Body (20 marks) Referencing (4 marks) Total: 30 Marks Please note the following: It is essential that you refer to your Student Induction Pack as to how to write each section of your assignment, especially the Introduction, Conclusion and Reference List, as well as standard font type, size and spacing.  Marks will be deducted if you deviate from these standards.Use the Academic Tip Sheet on “Essays” (available from the Student Intranet) to assist you. Note that the word limit includes your Introduction, Main Body, Conclusion and in-text referencing.  It does not include your Title Page, Contents Page, Reference List or Appendices. Marks will be deducted for exceeding the word limit by more than 10%.Again, use the marking rubric (available on Blackboard) to assist you.You will need to ensure you correctly cite relevant legislation and supporting materials within your report.  A minimum of five references is recommended, and should encompass a mixture of sources, e.g. textbooks, journal articles, internet resources etc.Your ECU Referencing Guide contains details of the accepted structure and formatting of in-text and end-text referencing requirements. Any other style of referencing is unacceptable.  Failure to provide in-text and end-text referencing, or use of a different style, is a serious matter and may result in a fail grade. How to submit your assessment: Please save your assignment as one single Word document and submit it via the link within the Assessment Two folder. Please use the following naming convention for your electronic file: SURNAME_firstname_HST1152_Assessment2.doc
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 Accident avoidance forms the basis of nearly all welfare management prototypes. The absence of accidents shows that safety management practices are effective. An understanding of the events that lead to accidents is essential in instituting interventions to avert their occurrence. An accident is an intricate incidence or a phenomenon, which occurs in a certain space and time. Accident models are systematic methods of determining the factors that induced the accident. The models further provide an understanding of the features of the accident which naturally show the association between the effects and causes. This essay will discuss the similarities and differences between three accident causation models. At the first, the models appear to be diverse, but on closer examination some shared themes are identified.

Accident causation models are important in many ways; they aid in the scrutiny of the relations between conditions and factors. They also help in communicating and structuring risk problems. Further, the models are useful in providing a shared thought of the accident phenomenon, by the use of streamlined representations of accidents that occur in real life.

Over the years, the authors have established a series of conceptual models, which attempt to untangle the mystery surrounding the occurrence of accidents. Linear model points out that multiple factors join, forming a sequence which brings about an accident. On the contrary, non-linear models suggest that various elements act simultaneously, and their aggregate influence causes the occurrence of an accident. Certain models provide a complete explanation of how accidents occur in real life situations, while others aid in accident inquiries. Accident investigations are launched to enable the researchers to gain insight into the causal elements so that correct and effective action can be determined and applied. Herbert W. Heinrich was the first person to research and report about understanding accidents (Rumar, 2002). He argues that to apply science in accident prevention, one must build and maintain a keen interest in safety. The author attempted to comprehend the sequential elements which link up to trigger an accident.

Differences between the Three Accident Models Each of the three models is undermined by explicit assumptions which portray the differences between them. The simple linear model holds the assumption that accidents are caused by a chain of circumstances or events which interrelate sequentially in a linear mode. Therefore, the model postulates that accidents can be prevented through the elimination of one or more of the elements in the linear series…

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