Characteristics of A Domestic Violence Abuser and Their Victims


  • The relationships that exist between people can sometimes result in harmful situations that break the bonds that exist between them and the society.
  • Domestic violence is one of these social issues that emerge from conflicts within family settings.
  • Often domestic violence is as a result of issues emerging in intimate relationships. Various studies have studied this vice and developed solutions on how domestic violence can be reduced in the society.  
  • The problem is still persistence and has become detrimental to the wellbeing of other people in the affected families.
  • Arguments by Barnish (2004) show that domestic violence is a social vice that has been changing over time.
  • In the past, domestic violence was perceived as an issue affecting women, and men were the perpetrators.
  • Changes in the family life presented by various factors of the 21st century have led to new forms of legitimate relationships, such as gay marriages (Seelau & Seelau, 2005).
  • There are new emerging issues in domestic violence.
  • Men have also been victims of domestic violence, and feminist scholars have often ignored their cases.
  • The consequences of domestic violence include physical and psychological harm that can contribute to other behavioral issues, including self-inflicted injuries (Kaur & Garg, 2008).
  • Domestic violence can be perceived as the pattern of assault and coercion that is inflicted on people by their abusive partners.
  •  The intent of this paper is to propose research that will address the characteristics of a domestic violence abuser and their victims.


  • Previous studies have focused on domestic violence as an issue between husbands and wives.
  •  Husbands have often been perceived to be the abusers (Anafarta, 2011).
  • Studies on domestic violence have increased considerably in the past two decades, but have focused on heterosexual relationships.
  • In a study by Richards, Noret, and Rivers (2003) shows that domestic violence exists even in same-sex marriages.
  • There are various changes that have occurred in our communities due to globalization, and have influenced the interaction of different cultures, increasing the challenges faced in managing domestic violence.
  • There is need to investigate the influence of these new factors on domestic violence.
  •  In many cases, policy makers as well as scholars do not show consensus on the best approaches to managing domestic violence in the diverse relationships that exist in the 21st century.
  • allude that families all over the world can be strengthened by coming up with an interrelated and systematic set of universal social initiatives that can be followed by all people.
  •  Coming up with such solutions can be instrumental in reducing and eliminating the physical and psychological issues faced by people in relationships.
  • The issues that emerge from domestic violence, such as reduced work productivity, economic and social marginalization, as well as enhanced happiness among the people will be improved appropriately if a sustainable solution to manage the violence is identified (Quinlivan & Evans, 2005).


  • The rationale behind this study is the changing nature of the family setting following the legalization of same-sex marriages and the need for a new paradigm to address domestic violence in these relationships (Richards, Noret, & Rivers, 2003).
  • The proposed study will be based on the theoretical framework provided by Dr. Lenore Walker in 1979 called the Cycle of violence.  
  • Various studies show that domestic violence follows similar patterns, even in same-sex marriages (Eriksson & Mazerolle, 2015); (Heise, Ellsberg, & Gottmoeller, 2002).
  • According to the proposed rationale, domestic violence can happen in any relationship and the frequency and severity can increase over time.
  • The credibility of this approach lies in how the Cycle of Violence has been used to investigate issues in domestic violence.
  • The approach is also desirable for this study because it facilitates investigation in distinct phases of the violent relationships.

Methods and Design

  • The research will be achieved by employing a mixed-method approach that entails the use of qualitative and quantitative studies.
  •  The study will gather qualitative and statistical data to offer sufficient evidence on the characteristics of the abuser and the victims of domestic violence.
  • The study will involve one hundred participants between the age of 18 and 49 years.
  • The research will cover a range of participants to ensure diversity regarding nationality, race, age, culture, and the kind of relationships they prefer.
  • The study will use semi-structured questionnaires that will facilitate the gathering of information from the participants from a personal perspective (Creswell, 2013).

Significance and Conclusion

  • The study is imperative to understanding the domestic violence in the modern relationships.
  •  It will provide new insights on how various characters act when conflicts emerge in a relationship as well as factors that contribute to these issues.
  • The research will form the basis for understanding the nature of domestic violence and how the people involved act.
  • The research will help people to prevent domestic violence by identifying the issues that lead to conflicts and are detrimental to the relationships they hold.
  • The research will also be useful to policymakers who are faced with the responsibility of developing legal provisions that are acceptable to different cultures, religions, relationships, and perspectives.
  • The study will also bring new insights to the literature on domestic violence by providing qualitative and quantitative results.


Anafarta, N. (2011). The Relationship between Work-Family Conflict and Job Satisfaction: A Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Approach. International Journal of Business and Management, 6(4), 168–177.

Barnish, M. (2004). Domestic Violence: A Literature Review. HM Inspectorate of Probation, 1(September), 1–147.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Research design Qualitative-quantitative and mixed methods approach. SAGE Publications.

Eriksson, L., & Mazerolle, P. (2015). A Cycle of Violence? Examining Family-of-Origin Violence, Attitudes, and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(6), 945–964.

Heise, L., Ellsberg, M., & Gottmoeller, M. (2002). A global overview of gender-based violence. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 78(Suppl 1), S5–S14.

Kaur, R., & Garg, S. (2008). Addressing domestic violence against women: an unfinished agenda. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 33(2), 73–76.

Quinlivan, J. A., & Evans, S. F. (2005). The impact of domestic violence and drug abuse in pregnancy on maternal attachment and infant temperament in teenage mothers in the setting of best clinical practice. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 8(3), 191–199.

Richards, A., Noret, N., & Rivers, I. (2003). Violence & Abuse in Same-Sex Relationships: St John College, 1(5), 2–33.

Seelau, S. M., & Seelau, E. P. (2005). Gender-role stereotypes and perceptions of heterosexual, gay and lesbian domestic violence. Journal of Family Violence, 20 (6), 363-371.

Sokoloff, N. J., & Dupont, I. (2005). Domestic violence at the intersections of race, class, and gender: Challenges and contributions to understanding violence against marginalized women in diverse communities. Violence Against Women, 11(1), 38–64.

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