Comparison of USA (DN) with Ethiopia (LDN)

Discuss the economic, social, and cultural reasons for differences between the population densities in these two regions. Evaluate the policies of the DN with those of the LDN you chose as they relate to reducing the population/fertility rates. Explain how the two nations you researched are attempting to reduce their population/fertility rates

The world had approximately 7 billion individuals in 2011.  Population reports estimated that 855 million of the people live in the least developed countries (LDNs) (UNFPA, 2012). Factors that range from the economy, social and cultural aspects, and policies formulated by the governments influence the population trends of each nation. Most LDNs are facing challenges in achieving agreed international development goals. Research reviews show that among the challenges faced in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was the high population rates in the LDNs ( Addae-Korankye, 2014). Additionally, population trends in developed countries have changed differently with time compared to LDNs. Many developed countries are experiencing inverted age pyramids because of low birth rates and low death rates (UNFPA, 2012). This article aims at comparing the population characteristics in the US, a developed nation, with population characteristics of Ethiopia a less developed nation.

The economic, social, and cultural reasons for differences between the population densities in these two regions

The economies of the US and Ethiopia have a disparity that influences population densities. The US has a developed economy with high levels of industrialization and high per capita income levels (UNFPA, 2012). In contrast, Ethiopia is an LDN that has limited industrialization and low per capita income levels. The US population is highly engaged in economic activities and less family time, resulting in low population densities (U.S. Department of State, 2016). The less involvement in economic development and high unemployment rates in Ethiopia contribute to high fertility levels, resulting in high population densities (Achamyeleh, 2016).            

Social factors that influence the population in Ethiopia include religion and education. The majority of the residents in Ethiopia are Muslims. The religion embraces procreation, a factor that hiders transition to low fertility (Achamyeleh, 2016). Limited access to education for females and the social structure that makes females..

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