Deception as discussed in David Livingstone Smith’s “Natural Born Liars”


  1. Lying has become human nature
  2. Women have learned to console people through lies.
  3. Men are known to lie to impress other beings.
  4. Both animals and plants lie
  5. Nature motivates deception to increase existence.
  6. Both plants and animals use their chemicals, movements, and scents during communication.
  7. Lying gives one an advantage over other beings.
  8. Lying may be used to make friendships.
  9. A person can be successful through lying.
  10. Self-deception is probable. 


Individuals who lie try to mislead others into believing and acquiring their trust. When an effort to mislead is conscious, it entails the misstatement of facts and promises a payoff resulting to a lie. Therefore, lying involves false communication. On the other hand, deception is a huge concept. Biologists have analyzed deception of fireflies, plants, and possums, but few could claim that plants lie.       As a result, many rationales may be given for deception. Deception will remain a passport to professional, economic, and social success. Lying has become part of the human nature. Most people have come to the conclusions that lying will give them an edge over others. As a result, both man and women have become liars to suit their tailored needs. First, women use lies to console other people. For example, a child is crying a woman can easily make the child to stop crying by telling them false promises. The child will automatically stop crying not understanding that the mother was trying to calm her. Second, men have been known to lie just to impress other people. In a study that was done by Caroline Schacht and David Knox…

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