Disaster Case Study of Hurricane Matthew and Hurricane Sandy

Option 2: Compare and Contrast
Research two disasters which occurred within the last 5 years.
Answer each of the following questions in 50-100 words for each of the disasters you
research:
● How did recovery efforts include one type of mitigation projects but not the other?
● What challenges did emergency managers faced in implementing these
programs?
● What were some of the pros with implementing this type of mitigation?
● What were some of the cons with implementing this type of mitigation?
● What suggestions would you make to emergency managers that should have
been considered?
○ How might these suggestions have changed the outcome?
● How did the mitigation efforts include sustainability and holistic recovery
concepts (e.g., design principles, materials, or research)?
Provide the option you choose as the title for your assignment.
Format all work consistent with APA guidelines.
Include a reference page and cite all sources consistent with APA guidelines.
Save your Assignment in the following format: Last name First name Assignment.
(Example: SmithJohn_Unit5_Assignment).

Hurricane Matthew and Sandy are some of the recent natural disasters that have hit in the recent past. Hurricane Sandy is the second-largest Atlantic storm that has hit the East coast of Florida, Maine, and the inland parts of West Virginia, Ohio, and Indiana. The Storm first hit the densely-populated area of New York and New Jersey on October 29, 2012. Hurricane Mathew was a category four storm experienced in Haiti on October 4, 2016. Reports state that this is one of the most powerful storms to have hit Haiti in the past decade. Both disasters had a significant loss of life and property, showing that the measures to compact such situations need to be improved. The intent of this paper is to compare and contrast the two disasters, depending on how they were mitigated.

How Did Recovery Efforts Include One Type of Mitigation Projects but Not the Other?

Hurricane Matthew led to the death of at least 336 people and affected more than 2.1 million people in Haiti, while Hurricane Sandy resulted in the death of at least 162 individuals in the United States and affected more than 8.5 million inhabitants. According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (2013, p. 9), there was a tremendous improvement in how the organization responds to disasters. Notably, FEMA shows that the mitigation measures were able to coordinate the actions of federal partners, state personnel, and local officials. Additionally, there was an efficient flow of information and responsibilities in affected areas in preparing and deploying workforce. The approaches were instrumental in reducing the effects of the hurricane. After the 2010 earthquake that had devastating consequences on Haiti, it was noted that the lack of coordination among the response forces made the it unreliable. Nevertheless, this did not improve, and the same challenge was faced after Hurricane Matthew (Petersen, 2014, p. 46). The recovery efforts lacked coordination between UN Agencies and NGOS, as well as with other state and local institutions. Consequently, there was a duplication of responsibilities and challenges in the selection of beneficiaries.

What Challenges Did Emergency Managers Face in Implementing These Programs? Despite the strategic preparation for handling Hurricane Sandy that included prior communication and eviction of the people, the recovery faced different challenges. FEMA (2013, p. 1) reports that there were difficulties in employing sensible task execution, implementing the case management arrangements, and responding to the survivor needs in the recovery period.  The coordinated approach faced problems in Haiti due to limited communication. Oral communication…

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