Discuss the pathophysiological changes that occur with CVA specifically noting signs and symptoms

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Mrs. B. is an overweight, 61-year-old, white female. Upon hospital admission, she had a severe right-sided headache, slurred speech, and some severe right-handed numbness with a weak hand grip on the left. Her smile was asymmetric with right-sided facial weakness that had per­sisted for 48 hours. Mrs. B. has a history of smok­ing moderately for 40 years and use of estrogen replacement for 20 years. Her mother had adult-onset diabetes and died of breast cancer at age 62; her father died of a gunshot accident at 29; one sister died of a subarachnoid hemorrhage at age 63, and another sister is hemiparietic because of a CVA. One brother is hypertensive, and three other younger siblings are apparently healthy.

Vital signs showed a normal temperature, ele­vated heart rate, and normal respirations, but Mrs. B. had a blood pressure of 220/158. A lumbar puncture was negative for blood with normal protein and glucose levels. A normal elec­trocardiogram was found. EEG showed localized activity in the left hemisphere. A CT showed increased density on the right. Blood chemistry was normal except for elevated glucose.

Discuss the pathophysiological changes that occur with CVA specifically noting signs and symptoms for Mrs. B.

What factors from Mrs. B’s history could be contributing factors for CVA?


please use 2 sources, References cited in text. minimum 150 words

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