Post-911, the responsibility of airport security was shifted from the private sector to the federal government. Write a short paper (2–4 pages doubled spaced) assessing the role and the effectiveness of the TSA in providing airport security. In your response, you should identify and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the TSA. Base your response on material from class, as well as outside research. Critically reflect on the literature, past incidents, legislative changes, etcetera to analyze the effectiveness of the TSA using that information to support your position.
Since the late 1960s, the United States of America has been dealing with both internal and international terrorist attacks similar to those in the Middle East. The above statistic is according to the literature Counterterrorism: The Role of the U.S Federal Agencies. Instances of such attacks include kidnappings, hijacks, and bombing incidences. As such, there have been conventions like the Chicago Convention of 1994, the Tokyo Convention of 1964, and the 1970 Hague Convention, among others, whose aim was to promote aircraft security and passenger safety. The Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Special Weapons and Tactical Units (SWAT), Delta Force, and SAS all play a crucial role in ensuring that there is safety in the airports and the aircrafts. They arrest any terrorist suspects and take passenger screening very seriously. However, the 9-11 attack revealed a huge failure and numerous loopholes in the safety precautions and thus the development of the Transport Security Administration (TSA). This paper will assess the effectiveness of the TSA and highlight some of the legislative changes made to the agency. The presence of the TSA has more benefits than costs to aviation security and its achievements are recommendable.
The terrorist attack on 11th September 2001, also known as 9-11, claimed the lives of 3000 people and it is a day that America will never forget. Its social and political consequences are evident to date and characterized by discrimination against non-Americans, an increased support of the war against Afghanistan, and intensification in the number of anti-terror attacks (Wing, 2002). One incidence in the post 9-11 is the removal of six Muslims from an airliner due to suspicious behaviour, which included praying before the flight took off. Also, as a result of the 9-11, the U.S government developed the Department of Homeland Security, which has almost 184,000 employees. As part of its duty, it requests the participation of the citizens to report any suspicious behaviour and to be vigilantly aware of their environment. Experts claim that some of the failures that led to the 9-11 were the failure of the U.S carriers, administrators, and insufficient training of the screeners (Wing, 2002). Thus, President George Bush made it clear that his government would develop the Department of Homeland Security, improve on passenger and baggage security, ensure intensive background checks, and monitor the value of the access controls at the airlines and airports….