Gender Discrimination in the STEM Majors Areas in the College

I need you to write the introduction of this research paper, only the introduction part. the topic is about the how people feel about the gender discrimination in the STEM majors areas in the college. It means the people are already been admitted into the STEM majors and make an questionnaire to see how the male and female feel discrimination in these STEM areas. also you may need to write something about the female who receive high discrimination may change the majors or not to do the works linked to the STEM majors in the future. my hypothesis is that female tends to feel more discriminated than males in the STEM majors filed and The female with high discrimination may not choose the jobs link to STEM majors in the future.

1.         Introduction. This will require library research. I will mention some journals you might wish to examine, but PsycINFO will be your best resource. At the beginning of the introduction to your paper, discuss the general topic that you will be studying. Next, describe the findings that the previous research has shown (You’ll need at least three citations from academic journals or books, for this part of your paper. I will not accept citations from textbooks, the Internet, popular magazines, or summaries of dissertations in Dissertations Abstracts International.) At the end of the introduction, state your hypothesis. So that I can easily determine the purpose of your study.

Also no quotes are allowed in the paper


STEM is an acronym for the field of study and carriers related to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math. There has been a general concern on the disparity between the numbers of males and females in this field with the former outnumbering the later. Some scholars hold the opinion that it is a pipeline issue – meaning that if we can interest more young females in STEM subjects and disciplines, the issue will be resolved over time.

Due its argumentative and statistical nature, many scholars have researched on this topic. Kiefer& Sekaquaptewa (2007) argue that women have decided to forgo STEM careers to achieve good work-family balance. This notion portends that it is women’s decision to do so and there is no biasness against them. However, the evidence for this argument is not substantial. A certain study in 2012 that was randomized and double blinded gave faculty of science in universities that are research-intensive application materials of a fictitious student randomly assigned a female or male name. It found that both female and male faculty placed the male applicant as the most hirable and competent compared to a female applicant with same materials of application.

Reuben et al., (2014) state that bias is not a personal choice or pipeline issue. They state that it rejects females out of science. They further find out that bias plays out in different ways depending on ethnicity and race. They carried an interview with 60 female scientists and a survey with 557 scientists (female). They were assisted with the Association for Women in Science. The findings show clearly how gender bias plays in science related fields.

Of the Two-thirds of the women surveyed and two-thirds of the women interviewed, two thirds of each group asserted that while being employed they had to prove themselves several times before employment –the authorities questioned their expertise and their previous success was discounted (Reuben et al., (2014). Ernesto Reuben and Luigi Zingales also did a research to find out the reason why proportion of women in STEM-related professions fail to show the interest girls have for science and mathematics courses in early years of their school? They realize that in the United States high school girls take science and mathematics in equal numbers to boys. Results of Standardized-test show that both girls and boys are normally ready and prepared to pursue engineering and science majors in college. Despite this, in their first year in these institutions, few women select STEM major…

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