Gerontology Life Reflection

6 pages 

all the instructions in the attachments 

I already did the proposal so please follow it precisely. 

Life Review Paper: Proposal & Script 1

Life Review Paper: Proposal & Script 5

Biology of Aging Theory

Ayman Albreiki

CSULB

23/12/20

Biology of Aging Theory

Abstract

Mr. Salim is an old man who lives in a small village away from the city. He used to work on the farm that he owns. He has been suffering from arthritis. Currently, I live in my father’s house that is very close to my grandfather; Mr. Salim. The interview will be about his life status and how he has been handling it. Also, I will go over the causes, challenges, and recoveries. Furthermore, I will discuss how the disease altered his life in all its aspects.

Proposal

Mr. Salim is sixty-seven years old. He is my grandfather from my mother’s side. When we were a small family, we used to live with him. He is average tall, of the medium body, and takes care of himself very well. However, recently he has been moving around using a stick to help him stand up and for a long walk. This is due to his bones joints and his advanced age is a factor for that.

First, the interview’s place and time will be discussed with him in advance so he can be prepared for it. After the preparation period, the interview will be on two different days, so I do not make him sit in one place for a long time. The first day of the week and on the second of the week as well. He has his own sitting area on the farm that he prepared by himself a long time ago where the interview will take place. The particular time of the meeting will be 4 PM in the afternoon because one of his habits is to sit outdoor at this time.

The reason for choosing my grandfather is because of the life stories and his old way of life that he used to tell me and my siblings about. Also because I used to help him out with his farm once in a while and see how he loves what he does. He used to be strong and active where he was always doing something in his life. Suddenly at the age of forty-six, he started feeling some pain in his leg joints and he started losing his strength day by day. Despite the fact that he was trying to be healthy by exercising and eating healthy food every day. Therefore, I am interested to know the cause of his illness, the treatment, and how his life altered after this unexpected event. Whenever I look at him, I always hope to see him like how I used to see him before and regain his full strength and see the farm glowing again.

From this, the assignment level will be very comfortable because I and my grandfather are very close. I have always been fascinated to know what occurs to him and how does he feel. Despite this, he is affectionate, satisfied, and accepted himself which also made me very happy and comfortable to choose him for this paper. Besides, I have been very close to him and I like to talk with him all the time about different life situations.

In conclusion, I am looking forward to knowing the cause of his illness, medication, and his current lifestyle. Also, I am curious to know how can someone prevent themselves from getting this illness. Thus, the interview theory that I can discuss in my paper is the biology of the aging theory. The reason for that is its best suit my grandfather’s situation and it also deals with the human body altogether with the injuries and how it is treated.

Script

Interview Questions

1. How is your life journey so far, in general?

2. How was your life before the illness?

3. What happened before you feel sick?

4. What were the exercises and activities that you were doing before the sickness?

5. How did it all start?

6. Are you being bothered by people or situations?

7. How do you describe the disease and what is all the misery of your friends and close relatives?

8. Do you seem to be intimidated or undermined by people or situations whenever you are asked about the disability?

9. How do you view yourself? And do you have any plans for the future? If so what are they?

10. What is the toughest part of having this illness and staying with it for a long time?

11. Do you feel unique or different from other people in all perspectives?

12. Whenever people or friends visit you, how different are they treating you in different circumstances? Do they make you feel that you need them?

13. Have you adopted any useful habits that could help you through this?

14. Did you appreciate your healthy life before and do you wish to be like normal people again? What have you learned from the sickness?

15. What is it like taking the medication every day? How is your experience?

16. Are the medications expensive, do you feel it could have been better if you planned for it ahead of time?

17. How did you manage to stay with the disability for a long time without expressing any signs of giving up on life?

18. Was the illness avoidable or it just approaches without any preventable precautions? If it was preventable, How would you prevent it from happening, and what advice would you give to your younger self, to me, and the whole family?

Life Review Paper: Instructions

(200 points)

Overview

Life review is a naturally occurring, universal process consisting of reminiscence, thinking about oneself, and a reconsideration of previous life experiences and their meaning. You will be interviewing an older adult (65 years old or older). The “Life Review Paper” will have two submissions:

1. Proposal / Script submission

2. Life Review Paper submission

All submissions will be made via Dropbox under BeachBoard. Your final version submission paper should have a length of maximum 8 pages (do not exceed 8 pages!) Check ourCourse Schedule to see all the submission dates related to this assignment.

At all times each of your submission is typed, double spaced, Times New Roman, font 12, APA 6th ed. citation (in text and as reference.)

Use the grading rubrics related to this assignment as guideline in your writing process. The grading rubric has been created to offer you an idea about how points in your grading process will be distributed. All rubrics are listed at the end of this document.

Points

Proposal / Script submission:50 points

Life Review Paper submission: 150 overall points distributed as following:

Interview: 30 points

Application of Theory: 70 points

Reflection: 30points

Paper organization, grammar, spelling, APA, etc.: 20 points

Background Information for our Life Review Paper – Why this paper is important for our class?

Life review, as described by Robert Butler, is a naturally occurring, universal mental process prompted by the realization of a foreshortened life expectancy. It potentially proceeds toward a reorganization of the self, including the achievement of such characteristics as wisdom and serenity in the aged. The process consists of reminiscence, thinking about oneself, and a reconsideration of previous life experiences and their meaning.

Butler’s description of the life review process closely parallels Erikson’s last stage of development, which is a dynamic between integrity vs. despair. For some older persons, the process of thinking about the past may lead to depression and obsessive rumination or to life’s successful resolution. Therefore, the life review process holds the potential for the older adult to reach ever-increasing levels of self-awareness. The crucial task of such life review is to evaluate one’s life and accomplishments and to accept the whole, both the good and the difficulties, as all necessarily a part of one’s own individual life. This sense of embracing life confirms that one’s story has been “a meaningful adventure in history.”

The life review process takes place gradually over a period of years for the older person and an interested other person usually assist the older adult by taking an oral history. The history can be taken over a period of several sessions and may be tape recorded. The results are life long-lasting memories, which may be given to the elder and may be shared with younger family members.

Instructions on how to conceptualize / writeyour Life Review Paper

Before you will start writing your Life Review Paper, you will need to complete and submit via Dropbox the “Proposal / Script” submission. This submission will be graded, and feedback will be provided for it. Only after this submission is graded you can start working on your paper.

The Proposal portion is a proposal of how you will complete this assignment. Before you decide what questions you will want to ask your interviewee, you must first write two to three paragraphs stating what you will want to learn from this assignment.

For The Scriptportion you will need to come up with a series of questions (script) that you will want to ask the elder adult you are interviewing. These questions should cover the history of the person’s life and capture the essence of who the elder adult is. These questions should also help you assess the older adult using a theory model. While developing the questions, you will have in mind the BioPsychoSocial theoretical approach you will use to assess the older adult. There is not a specific number of questions you should come up with, but a good set of questions for a paper of this caliber will round on average about 10-15 questions. The questions should be derived from our course concepts such as chronic disease, biology of aging, love and intimacy, social interactions, living arrangements, economic security, productive aging, retirement, death and dying, etc.,yet as theory application only Biopsychosocial is addressed.

As previously stated, only after the “Proposal / Script” submission is graded, you can start working on your paper. In writing this paper, try to think of yourself being a qualitative researcher. Therefore, in this process you have the chance to design your research study, to conduct your own case study, and later on to discuss its results. So by the first submission (Proposal / Script) you actually get to design your case research study!

Life Review Paper submission will include The InterviewTheory Application, and Reflection.

The Interview is the telling of the story of the life of the elder you interviewed. This section is written as Q& A (question and answer) format. The answer will be given as descriptive paragraph; you need to show descriptive skills (example is provided on page 3).

Recommendations on how to conduct your interview

Begin by briefly expressing your interest in learning about the elder’s life and set an appointment for a convenient time and place where the interview will take place. Explain that you will use this interview as a class assignment and ask for permission from the older person at this time to share the interview with your professor/class.

Interview your subject in a quiet private location;it is recommended that no others are present during the interview. You can use a recorder device to register the interview process and your subject’s answers. By recording the interview rather than taking notes, it will give you the chance to focus on other types communications such as body language, facial expression, etc. which will help with your descriptive skills while writing your paper. Make sure the elder is comfortable and you are seated in a position to be heard (you could also maintain eye contact if in the elder’s cultural background eye contact is a form of being polite.) Allow adequate time for the interview but do not prolong more than two sessions.

After conducting the interview, you will then write up the questions and answers to the interview in paragraph format. When writing up the interview be as descriptive as possible. You must use critical thinking skills to make the experience flow and you want to allow the reader to feel as if they experienced the interview for themselves. Thus meaning do not just simply state I asked her if she was married and she replied her husband died 7 years ago. Instead describe the reactions and report in descriptive detail. For example: As we sat near the window a cool breeze came in the room, she grabbed her blanket around her shoulder and pulled it tightly to warm herself. I asked Mrs. Hudson if she had ever been married, adding a smile to soften the question. She replied:“I was married for 42 years to the love of my life, Charles”. She paused, it seemed for an eternity, and then continued, “… he passed away 7 years ago and I think of him each day. Be sure to use descriptive words and transitions to make this portion of the paper flow.

Application of Theory . This portion allows you to coin our leaned course material to your case study life experiences. In this section, you must incorporate what you learned from the interview to class lecture and the course’s readings. You need to state and define BioPsychosocial approach used in your assessment, as well as describing how the components of wellness areidentifiable in your interviewee’s life to describe his/hers wellness at the time of interview. In here, you will want to show course concepts’ application to the interview and you can relate to class lectures and readings. Don’t forget: whenever you cite a source you need to give the appropriate APA reference.

ReflectionHere you should reflect on what you learned from this assignment. In two pages briefly describe what you learned from this assignment. Address elements not only learned from the elder adult, but also the interview processes and application of course concepts. Moreover, state what you learned from this writing process. Describe what you would have done different through this processes and explain why. Also briefly describe your own personal reactions associated with one’s own aging process.

A final note:

This is not only a writing assignment. It is also designed to give you experience with interviewing skills. This is a case study – a qualitative research project of a single case. Give it your best effort and you will learn something valuable by listening to a real life story.

The Life Review Interview should present a full picture of your subject’s life. Details help. To accomplish this, you will need to be an engaged listener, involving yourself in the person’s story, and not just completing a class assignment. You may need to interview the person twice, going back for more detailed answers in areas that interest you. At times, you may need to rephrase some of the questions to make them better understood.

You may need to prompt the older adult, using such phrases as “tell me more,” “I think I understand, you were…” etc. Do not force the person to go into detail on a particular topic if he/she is really uncomfortable!

Allow the interviewee to talk about what interests him/her, BUT move him/her along so you can have a story that covers the whole life. You can get the interview moving along by saying things like, “I would like to hear more on that later if we have time. Now, I’d like to ask you about…”

A tape recorder really helps you to get the most out of the interview; however, it is not mandatory.

Rubric: Proposal / Script

CriteriaExceeds ExpectationsMeets ExpectationsApproaches ExpectationsDo not meet expectations
The Learning Proposal / The Script50 points -Interesting and compellingquestions;depth of meaningful connectionsmade to course concepts; evidence ofthorough analysis,reflection and insight for interview questions35-49 points -Competent and well-developed questions; adequateconnections made; averagelevel of planning andorganizing interview questions15-34 points -Main ideas areindirectly supported;insufficient, non-specific,and/or irrelevant questions;repetition; lack oforiginality or creativity0- 14 points -Central questions aremissing or not discernible;little or noevidence of planning, reflection orinsight for interviewquestions

More Information on Life Review Paper submission

The final submission of Life Review Paper’s length should not exceed 8 pages without cover page and reference page! (However, I do understand sometimes comprising all of your ideas in 8 pages might not be enough. Regardless of how much you would like to write about your subject, please resume your paper to NO MORE than 10 pages and that’s the maximum possible!).

So, 8 pages is the requirement but if you exceed up to 10 pages you will not be penalized. If you decide to go over 10 pages, please note only the first 10 paged will be taken in consideration for grading purposes.

The Interview: (50 points)

1. Your interview should not exceed 4 pages. I know you want to add all 30-50 asked questions…but there are not enough pages to do so. However, as a researcher you will pick the most relevant 5-10 questions that will be added under this portion paper – you will pick the most relevant questions from all the asked domains. All the other answers you received will be used as backup information in your Theory Application portion. In case if you would like to transcribe the entire interview then you will add it after the Reference page and you will call this part/section “Appendix”.

2. The interview will follow the Q & A format and will show your descriptive skills (no bullet points!)

Theory Application: 70 points

1. Define BioPsychoSocial Approach (BPS) – 10 points

2. Tell how/when/who coined the term (5 points)

3. Show clear application of BPS based on your chosen interviewed subject. In here you will not only exemplify how all 3 life dimensions (social, psychological, biological) interact based on your case study, but will show the middle intersection of all 3 aspects. (40 points)

4. You will support your argument with outside/inside sources, concepts covered in class, etc. (15 points)

5. This paper portion’s show critical thinking skills (10 points)

6. This paper portion’s length should not exceed 3 pages

Reflection: (30 points)

1. This paper portion should not exceed more than 1-1 ½ pages

2. Briefly describe what you learned from this assignment. Address elements not only learned from the elder adult, but also the interview processes and application of course concepts. Moreover, state what you learned from this writing process. Describe what you would have done different through this processes and explain why. Also briefly describe your own personal reactions associated with one’s own aging process.

Grading Rubric: Life Review Paper (final submission)

CriteriaExceed ExpectationsMeets ExpectationsApproaches ExpectationsDo not meet expectations
Interview (descriptive writing)30 points – All interview questions were addressed and covered all topic areas.- Transitional phrases and descriptive writing was used to describe the interview processes.- Abundant information was obtained regarding the interviewee. 20 – 29 points – Most of the interview questions were addressed, and most of the topic areas were covered with interview questions.- Writing was moderately descriptive and the majority of the interview transitioned smoothly10 – 19 points – Some interview questions were addressed, incomplete write up of interviewee answers.- Very little descriptive writing was used, and the interview did not transition well.0- 9 points – Lack of interview questions and responses.- Descriptive writing was minimally or not at all utilized.- The interview write up was very unorganized and did not have any transition from topics
Theory Application(critical analysis)70 points – Consistent evidence withoriginality and depth ofideas; main points arestrongly supported bypertinent details andexamples; support is validand specific; ideas worktogether as a unifiedwhole; original, creativeand/or imaginative; little orno extraneous material.- Research used to support all course concepts40 – 59 points – Ideas supportedsufficiently; support issound, valid, and logical;adequate cohesion ofideas; little effort atoriginality; someextraneous or repetitivematerial.- Research used to support most of course concepts.20 – 39 points – Application of course material is unclear,too broad, or onlyindirectly supported;simplistic andunfocused ideas; littleattempt at analysis and/orreflection for analyzing answers from interviewquestions.- Some research was used to support course concepts0-19 points – Lack of support for mainpoints; ideas aresimplistic, showing signsof confusion,misunderstanding of theassignment;frequent and/or illogicalgeneralizations; nocohesion of ideas;wordiness and repetition;lack of originality orcreativity
Reflection (Learning Outcome)30 points – Address various elements of what was learned through the interview process.- Also addresses what was learned through application of theory by stating correlational examples.- Clearly states what would be done differently if the assignment were to be completed again.- Reflects upon one’s own aging experience in relation to this assignment.20 – 29 points – Address few elements of what was learned through the interview process. – Addresses what was learned through application of theory, only giving few examples of correlation. – States what would be done differently if the assignment were to be completed again, with vague examples.- Reflects upon one’s own aging experience in relation to this assignment providing limited support.10– 19 points – Address two or less elements of what was learned through the interview process. – Addresses what was learned through application of theory, only giving limited examples of correlation.  – Does not clearly states what would be done differently if the assignment were to be completed again, with vague examples.- Reflects upon one’s own aging experience in relation to this assignment providing no support.0 – 9 points – Does not address elements of what was learned through the interview process. – Addresses what was learned through application of theory, without giving any examples.  – Does not clearly states what would be done differently if the assignment were to be completed again, with no examples provided.- Reflects upon one’s own aging experience in relation to this assignment providing no support.
Paper Organization20 points – Has varied sentence structures with no grammatical or spelling errors- It’s smooth and has effective transitions- Citations are in correct APA 6th ed. format (in text and in the given reference list)- Feedback is addressed in depth10 – 15 points – Has varied sentence structures with minor grammatical or spelling errors- It’s smooth and effective transitions- Citations are mostly correct APA 6th ed. format (in text and in the given reference list)- Writing revision are made accordingly to the stated feedback5 – 9 points – Has varied sentence structures with evident grammatical or spelling errors- It flows somewhat smoothly, but has limited transitions- Citations are not in correct APA 6th ed. format (in text and in the given reference list)- Revision is superficial0 – 4 points– It lacks sentence structure, and has many grammatical or spelling- Does not flow smoothly and has ineffective transitions- APA 6th ed. citations is missing- No revision has been made.

Life Review Paper

Final Submission

(check Dropbox for the submission date)

Submission via Dropbox ONLY! NO late papers are accepted, unless you have a verifiable excuse. 10 points deducted for each late day, even if there is a verifiable excuse!

Don’t procrastinate!

Life Review Paper (LRP) submission should not exceed 8 pages without cover page and reference page!

However, I do understand sometimes comprising all of your ideas in 8 pages might not be enough. Regardless of how much you would like to write about your subject, please resume your paper to NO MORE than 10 pages and that’s the maximum possible!).

8 pages is the requirement but if you exceed up to 10 pages you will not be penalized. If you decide to go over 10 pages, please note only the first 10 pages will be taken into consideration for grading purposes.

LRP includes: The Interview (30 pts), Theory Application (70pts), and Reflection (30pts).

The Interview (30 points) is the telling of the story of the life of the elder you interviewed. This section can be written as Q & A format. Yet, the answer will be given as descriptive paragraph; you need to show descriptive skills.

E.g: As we sat near the window a cool breeze came in the room, she grabbed her blanket around her shoulder and pulled it tightly to warm herself. I asked Mrs. Hudson if she had ever been married, adding a smile to soften the question. She replied:“I was married for 42 years to the love of my life, Charles”. She paused, it seemed for an eternity, and then continued, “… he passed away 7 years ago and I think of him each day.

The interview: 4 pages.

as a researcher you will pick the most relevant 5-10 questions that will be added under this portion paper – you will pick the most relevant questions from all the asked domains. All the other answers you received will be used as backup information in your Theory Application portion.

In case if you would like to transcribe the entire interview then you will add it after the Reference page and you will call this part/section “Appendix”.

Application of Theory (70 points). In here you’ll apply our learned course material to your case study life experiences. In this section, you must incorporate what you learned from the interview to our class lectures, our course’s readings, and even service learning observations. You need to state and define BioPsychoSocial approach used in your assessment, as well as describing how the components of wellness are identifiable in your interviewee’s life in order to assess his/hers wellness at the time of interview. Again, this is where you want to show course concepts’ application to the interview (you can relate to class lectures and readings. Don’t forget: whenever you cite a source you need to give the appropriate APA reference.)

Define BioPsychoSocial Approach (BPS) – 10 points

Tell how/when/who coined the term (5 points)

Show clear application of BPS based on your chosen interviewed subject. In here you will not only exemplify how all 3 life dimensions (social, psychological, biological) interact based on your case study, but will show the middle intersection of all 3 aspects. (40 points)

You will support your argument with outside/inside sources, concepts covered in class, etc. (15 points)

This paper portion’s show critical thinking skills (10 points)

This paper portion’s length should not exceed 3 pages

BioPsycoSocial Approach

Reflection (30 points). Here you should reflect on what you learned from this assignment. In two pages briefly describe what you learned from this assignment. Address elements not only learned from the elder adult, but also the interview processes and application of course concepts. Moreover, state what you learned from this writing process. Describe what you would have done different through this processes and explain why. Also briefly describe your own personal reactions associated with one’s own aging process.

This paper portion should not exceed more than 1-1 ½ pages

Briefly describe what you learned from this assignment. Address elements not only learned from the elder adult, but also the interview processes and application of course concepts. Moreover, state what you learned from this writing process. Describe what you would have done different through this processes and explain why. Also briefly describe your own personal reactions associated with one’s own aging process.

CriteriaExceed ExpectationsMeets ExpectationsApproaches ExpectationsDo not meet expectations
    Interview (descriptive writing)30 points – All interview questions were addressed and covered all topic areas. – Transitional phrases and descriptive writing was used to describe the interview processes. – Abundant information was obtained regarding the interviewee.   20 – 29 points – Most of the interview questions were addressed, and most of the topic areas were covered with interview questions. – Writing was moderately descriptive and the majority of the interview transitioned smoothly  10 – 19 points – Some interview questions were addressed, incomplete write up of interviewee answers. – Very little descriptive writing was used, and the interview did not transition well.  0- 9 points – Lack of interview questions and responses. – Descriptive writing was minimally or not at all utilized. – The interview write up was very unorganized and did not have any transition from topics  
Theory Application (critical analysis)70 points – Consistent evidence with originality and depth of ideas; main points are strongly supported by pertinent details and examples; support is valid and specific; ideas work together as a unified whole; original, creative and/or imaginative; little or no extraneous material. – Research used to support all course concepts40 – 59 points – Ideas supported sufficiently; support is sound, valid, and logical; adequate cohesion of ideas; little effort at originality; some extraneous or repetitive material. – Research used to support most of course concepts.20 – 39 points – Application of course material is unclear, too broad, or only indirectly supported; simplistic and unfocused ideas; little attempt at analysis and/or reflection for analyzing answers from interview questions. – Some research was used to support course concepts0-19 points – Lack of support for main points; ideas are simplistic, showing signs of confusion, misunderstanding of the assignment; frequent and/or illogical generalizations; no cohesion of ideas; wordiness and repetition; lack of originality or creativity
Reflection (Learning Outcome)30 points – Address various elements of what was learned through the interview process. – Also addresses what was learned through application of theory by stating correlational examples. – Clearly states what would be done differently if the assignment were to be completed again. – Reflects upon one’s own aging experience in relation to this assignment.  20 – 29 points – Address few elements of what was learned through the interview process.  – Addresses what was learned through application of theory, only giving few examples of correlation.  – States what would be done differently if the assignment were to be completed again, with vague examples. – Reflects upon one’s own aging experience in relation to this assignment providing limited support.10– 19 points – Address two or less elements of what was learned through the interview process.  – Addresses what was learned through application of theory, only giving limited examples of correlation.   – Does not clearly states what would be done differently if the assignment were to be completed again, with vague examples. – Reflects upon one’s own aging experience in relation to this assignment providing no support.  0 – 9 points – Does not address elements of what was learned through the interview process.  – Addresses what was learned through application of theory, without giving any examples.   – Does not clearly states what would be done differently if the assignment were to be completed again, with no examples provided. – Reflects upon one’s own aging experience in relation to this assignment providing no support.  
    Paper Organization20 points – Has varied sentence structures with no grammatical or spelling errors – It’s smooth and has effective transitions – Citations are in correct APA 6th ed. format (in text and in the given reference list) – Feedback is addressed in depth10 – 15 points – Has varied sentence structures with minor grammatical or spelling errors – It’s smooth and effective transitions – Citations are mostly correct APA 6th ed. format (in text and in the given reference list) – Writing revision are made accordingly to the stated feedback5 – 9 points – Has varied sentence structures with evident grammatical or spelling errors – It flows somewhat smoothly, but has limited transitions – Citations are not in correct APA 6th ed. format (in text and in the given reference list) – Revision is superficial0 – 4 points – It lacks sentence structure, and has many grammatical or spelling – Does not flow smoothly and has ineffective transitions – APA 6th ed. citations is missing – No revision has been made.

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