A literature review with 30 sources the guiding questions on the topic are as follows:<br /> Guiding Questions (Sub-Questions)
1. What are the challenges being encountered by the remote manager?
2. How does remote management affect employee productivity?
3. What are the challenges faced by the organisation’s employees with regard to remote management?
4. How does remote management affect operational activities in an organization?
(What the various authors have said about each of the following sub-headings (written in the past tense)
Brief introduction to the literature review ~Remote Management ~Employee productivity~Remote management and employee productivity ~Remote management and operational activities~Summary of the literature review
According to Ware and Grantham (2010), almost all organizations in the modern business environment, engage in some kind of distributed work management. Management is the means of overseeing that the functionality of the organization is maintained by collaborating the workforce and the production factors to meet set objectives. The management is a unifying and time conscious factor (Newstrom, 2007). Fundamentally, the management determines the productivity and success of the company. It implements the underlying laws set by the inner shareholders to meet targets while embracing the requirements of the external shareholders that include the government, customers, suppliers, business partners among others. Ware and Grantham (2010) study, shows that management can follow a formal policy or an inconsistent manner. Many times employees work away from their designated workstations because it is convenient for them or they find it productive to perform in a quiet place like home. Such approaches in the working groups have given rise to the concept of remote management. Scholars suggest that this is often unofficial methodology of getting tasks completed, and it is often tolerated by particular individuals who show competence and need flexibility in their work (Ware & Grantham, 2010). Managers are among the important figures of an organization whose skills and knowledge play a vital role in achieving goals (Easterby-Smith, Thorpe, & Jackson, 2013). Maintaining good managers might involve allowing remote management. Additionally, some forms of organization cannot evade the use of remote management, examples include fields such as the military and international NGOs (Durant, 2009). Although the approach is effective in conserving skills and knowledge within the company, it poses profound effects that can run in both positive and negative extremes in employee productivity and operational efficiency (Vischer, 2013). Reviewing various studies by different authors can provide a gist of the situations that elevate from this kind of management.
Modern business world is characterized by organizations that are much more widespread to take advantage of the global economy (Alkaya & Hepatkan, 2008). A large company operating on a large-scale platform might lack a central location in one building, making virtual administration a necessity (Kondalkar, 2006). Additionally, small enterprises are often operating from multiple sites to increase productivity and widen the customer base on a geographical basis (Larking, 2010). In these situations, remote management in employed. Alternatively, this kind of management is a computing approach where the controlling individual is not physically present in the actual unit (Sundin, 2013). The management is virtual and it is dependent on the communication methodology, the level of control, the training of the operator, and performance issues that arise in the company (Larking, 2010). In most situations, the importance of remote management is to improve safety and enhance the levels of productivity. Organizations that have embraced this form of management might be operating from different geographical regions where languages, cultures, business practices, and time zones differ (Watson, 2007). Such insights call for a communication methodology that handles barriers that might emerge from such factors. Having regular discussions with the employees on meetings help to boost remote management through instructive decision-making strategies (Hutchings, 2011). The communication provisions should be user-friendly and easily accessible. It should range from personalized remote access to a communal based sharing platform that facilitates sending of information without hassle (Siebers, et al., 2008)…..