Initial Artifact Analysis: Song ‘Dear Mama’ by Tupac Shakur (2Pac)

he Initial Artifact Analysis assignment asks you to choose a cultural artifact and perform a close analysis of what it is communicating and how it is communicating it. In 2–3 pages, work to identify the defining elements of your artifact and explain how those parts fit together to communicate various meanings. Support the claims you make with evidence and connect the two with clear reasoning. Please make sure to provide me with access to your chosen artifact (attach the image, link to a website, etc.).

Tupac Shakur’s song Dear Mama was released on 21 February 1995. The song is the lead single from his third studio album called Me Against the World. The conscious hip-hop song is a tribute to his mother Afeni Shakur.  Produced by Tony Pizarro the song was released under Interscope music label. Tupac’s mother was a member of the Black Panther Party and in 1970 she was put in jail on charges of conspiracy against the US government and New York City. A month later she was released from jail and then Tupac was born.  Her participation in the party’s activism when Tupac was young and addiction to crack cocaine when he was in his adolescence, are some of the challenges that contributed to the composition of the song (Castro).  

The economic recession of the 1980s made it difficult for the Black Panthers to carry on their activities. As a result, Afeni ended up virtually homeless and had to seek shelter with friends and sometimes in shelters. The audience of the song is for mothers struggling to raise their families and especially the ones facing addiction, poverty and challenges raised by the society they live. Also the song aims to communicate to the children facing estranged relationships with their mothers. Fundamentally, it converses the importance of forgiveness and appreciation (Castro).

The song topped music charts with a distinguishable achievement on the Billboard charts ranking. The song was also certified platinum and added to the National Recording Registry. The Library congress describes the song as a historical and a cultural significant piece of art that reflects on life in America. Tupac praises his mother in the song for her courage and strength in raising him up. The song also alludes that mothers share the same plight giving the highs and lows of the relationships children have with them (Castro).            

The song address Tupac’s mother with intense honesty. In the lyrics Tupac shows forgiveness for his mother abandoning him and also shows his appreciation for raising him the best she could. Tupac sings that even though she was a crack fiend, his mother was still his black queen. The smooth instrumentals and the delivery in moaning tone enables Tupac to deliver his story of life in the streets, the community and struggles of a mother….

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