LEGAL MEMO

Part 1

Why do states obey International Law? All the nations in the contemporary world, as well as great powers, are compelled to substantiate their behavior according to accepted norms and legal rules. The key to search lies in unique traits of the international system in the sense of a network of associations existing primarily, if not exclusively, between nations recognizing certain universal principles and ways of doing things. Additionally, in international law, the states have to obey international law since they create the law and obey it (Shawn 45). Since states are sovereign, obedience with international law is voluntary. Therefore, the question naturally arises as if must states obey international law.  The answer tends to be straightforward and simple. As a result, states follow the international law because of their self-interest (Shawn 50). Hence, when it is pursued, the international law brings a component of certainty and predictability to world politics that assists help mute the fight for power and anarchic tendencies which are always present…

What happens when they do not? Apparently, compliance will not always occur. However, when it does not happen, it is because other concerns override the effect of international legal prohibitions against the pattern of behavior (Shawn 34). Even though violations of international law are seen as weakness, it must be noted they are not random. The fact they try to be clustered around a particular type of situations or incidents may be seen as a sign of the significance of international law as constraint behavior under certain circumstances (Shawn 34). The international court can be used to manage those who do not obey the international laws. Therefore, the states that do not obey might be in a fix since most countries follow the international laws. The states can forfeit to fulfill the treaty that is made with the country that has defaulted…

Part 2
Sources of International Law
Developing international legislation to guide the behavior of people and nations has proven difficult over the years. The situation is aggravated by the lack of reference material such as court cases and specific acts that can be examined to solve legal issues at international levels (Shawn 69). Moreover, the lack of legislative, executive and judicial systems through which international laws can be formulated causes difficulty in the implementation of international law.
Although there is the lack of distinct propositions to what form the legal rule at the international level, international law exists and is derived from many sources. Such sources include; the international custom, international conventions and the general principles of law. This section examines the land boundary case in the northern part of Isla Portillos (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua) and uses customary law and treaties to solve it…

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