What was the role of opium in the “opening” of China? What were the effects on Chinese economy and society?
And what about ideological effects? For many decades, “opium” became synonymous with “China;” what kind of attitude towards China and the Chinese did this equivalence justify?
Each posting is due by 10 AM every Friday (unless otherwise noted in the syllabus) and should be between 300- and 500-word long. Post your assignment in the Dropbox. Keep them short and to the point, longer is not necessarily better. Clarity and brevity are ideal. As you will see, the weekly questions make direct reference to the assigned readings, and your answer should do the same. Basically, you have to prove that you have done the readings and that you have spent at least a few minutes thinking what they mean (historically). This is an easy way to lock in an “A” for a large portion of your final grade. Just turn them in on time and be certain that they address the readings and the issues at hand directly and clearly.
Let me very clear: you need to asnwer the questions using the readings. If you do not provide evidence that you have actually done the weekly readings, you will receive no points.
Each posting will be graded as “plus,” “check” or “minus.” “Plus” means you get the 4 points slated for that posting; “minus” means zero points; “check” means two points —you did the posting but with minimal effort. Remember, if your posting is not based on the weekly readings, it will receive zero points. Postings shorter than 300 words will receive no points.
There would be a difference in China history without the opium in the ninetieth and twentieth centuries. It gave the foreigners the economic power to make foreign kingdom possible. Moreover, it offered Chinese state from the Qing Nation to the public unique opportunities to intervene in the lives of Chinese citizens (Brook and Wakabayashi 1). Opium generated income to the government of the West, and all people depended on the trade for their livelihood (Slade 8). Growth in drug use in China was observed as a serious risk to country’s state security, and they outlawed the trade to enhance the risk.
The use of opium was unavoidably damaging for people who used it. The country becomes weak due to the citizen addiction to opium smoking, which affected their prosperity and welfare (Doolittle 35-39). People became addicted to it by inhaling, and the habit of using the drug was chronic. Although the drug has an adverse consequence, society could not withdraw from the addiction and practice. The nationalist government made solid efforts to close or legalize opium shops that were run by families and enforced police harassment that such formation could burn. Some of the entities who run the shops were free; they boiled the opium by themselves and therefore were not subject to the government-controlled opium vender (Hongru 99-105). Although opium has affected Chinese citizen health intensely, people keep hiding it and are not ashamed of doing so. Manufacturing happens in the cities and towns, and people of this trade offer employment for police officers and guard with no fear because they have given bribe for a whole month (Fleming 32). To conclude, the historians considered the opium war of China to be the start of current Chinese history. The poor performance of primary budget…