Poverty in America

Lead with the current event that you researched. Then state the problem posed by the current event that you are investigating, and your solution. That is your first paragraph. Then, beginning with the second paragraph, tell the reader why you decided on the solution that you found. Explain to the reader who in history did something right in the past that you want to copy from, what they did, where they did it and how it worked to solve a similar problem to the problem you are working to solve in the past. In that way, you show the reader how your historical investigations helped you understand the problem that you were confronted with and to come up with a solution. You can the conclude that your solution is a viable one. Notice that in your writing you will be covering all the basic questions of a story, the who, what, where, when, how and why of the past. In this manner, you paper will be organized and easy to follow. Your paper must show that you solution is viable, that it worked in the past and therefore will work in the future. That is what is meant by proving something rather than just reporting on an event. And to prove something, you have to document that what you claim happened in the past really did occur.

For the paper itself, the paper must be typewritten, double-spaced and using a standard font such as Arial. You must use a standard 12-point font. To document the paper, you have to have both footnotes and a Bibliography. Footnotes will be done with the Chicago Manual of Style format. You must use one book source, one Article in a print journal, and one website.

Being a superpower nation, it is always tempting to imagine that there is no poverty in the United States. Many, in fact, associate poverty with third world countries. However, statistics are clear that indeed the level of poverty in the United States is worrying, especially because of the fact that poverty weighs down on the unfortunate in society. According to the National Poverty Centre based at the University of Michigan, 15.1% of Americans lived in poverty as of present, defiantly a shocking statistic for a first world nation. However, it does not end there; poverty is shocking because of one major reason: it leads to massive unemployment. Unemployment is a real issue in the United States, one that has occupied a special place in the political discourse – and this is evident in the current campaigns for the November general election. In the intense debate that has ensued, poverty has been identified as the key causative factor of unemployment. The reason for this is simple from an economics stand point: poverty reduces the incomes and the purchasing power of people, reducing aggregate demand. This on the other hand makes producers scale down output. With reduced productivity, unemployment is always imminent[1]. However, the good news is that with moderate increase in government spending, poverty can be greatly reduced; which would also have the advantage of reducing unemployment as well. Perhaps one would ask why I would advocate for increased government spending in dealing with the problem of poverty in the United States. After all, is it not known that increased government spending could lead to budget deficit, worsening the situation? Perish that though, because it is simply not true. A moderate increase in government spending would be the magic bullet in reducing poverty, and here is why and how. To begin with, it must be stated that increased government spending will make pubic goods much more affordable to the poor[2]. For instance, the cost of education and healthcare would reduce drastically with increased government spending. This is because some of the money will be invested in providing insurance cover for the poor people. This will mean that those in the lower income bracket will spend less in education and healthcare, leaving them with more in their pockets. They can therefore use the remainder of their money to purchase goods and services for consumption. The overall effect is that the poor will be able to afford a larger basket of goods, thus will not lack essential material possessions. Besides, their consumption is good for the economy, because it gives firms an incentive to keep producing. In an economy jobs are a byproduct of productivity. Therefore, as long as people in the lower income bracket keep consuming, unemployment will be kept in check. The overall effect of increased government spending will therefore be reduced poverty and lower unemployment…

[1] Haskins, Ron. “What Works is Work: Welfare Reform and Poverty Reduction .” Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy, 4(1), 2009: 29-60

[2] Shannon, Patrick. Reading Poverty in America. London : Routledge, 2014.

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