Social Ethics

I need help with a Law question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

Question 1 (1 point)





Distributive justice is concerned with ____.

Question 1 options:

1)

Giving people what is good and bad equally.

2)

Giving people what is good and bad based on what they deserve.

3)

Giving people what is good and bad based on past history.

4)

Giving people what is good and bad based on what benefits society the most.

Question 2 (1 point)





Retributive justice is concerned with ____.

Question 2 options:

1)

Giving people what is good and bad equally.

2)

Giving people what is good and bad based on what they deserve.

3)

Giving people what is good and bad based on history.

4)

Giving people what is good and bad based on what benefits society the most.

Question 3 (1 point)





Retribution theory is also known as ____.

Question 3 options:

1)

Results theory

2)

Compensation theory

3)

Utilitarian theory

4)

Deserts theory

Question 4 (1 point)





Utilitarian theory is also known as ____.

Question 4 options:

1)

Results theory

2)

Compensation theory

3)

Deserts theory

4)

Virtue theory

Question 5 (1 point)





Restitution theory is also known as____.

Question 5 options:

1)

Results theory

2)

Compensation theory

3)

Utilitarian theory

4)

Deserts theory

Question 6 (1 point)





Results theory argues that ____.

Question 6 options:

1)

People should be compensated for wrongs done to them.

2)

People should be given what they deserve regardless of consequences.

3)

People should be given what will benefit society as a whole.

4)

People should be given what is in their own best interest.

Question 7 (1 point)





A worker finds out that their coworker is paid more money for the same work and is upset. What type of justice is this an example of?

Question 7 options:

1)

Retributive justice

2)

Distributive justice

3)

Restitution justice

4)

Comparative justice

Question 8 (1 point)





Someone who argues that ending capital punishment would help society is arguing what type of justice theory?

Question 8 options:

1)

Results theory

2)

Compensation theory

3)

Deserts theory

4)

Virtue theory

Question 9 (1 point)





Someone who argues that everyone should have the same income because that is fair is addressing what type of justice?

Question 9 options:

1)

Distributive justice

2)

Retributive justice.

3)

Comparative justice.

4)

Restitution justice.

Question 10 (1 point)





Someone who argues that people who earn less should pay a lower rate of income is using what criteria for reward?

Question 10 options:

1)

According to equal distribution

2)

According to people’s abilities

3)

According to what people merit

4)

According to what people need

Question 11 (1 point)





One good argument that attempts to justify killing in defense of the innocent says that _________________________________________________.

Question 11 options:

1)

the good of defending the innocent outweighs the bad of killing a person threatening to kill innocents

2)

the good of killing a person threatening innocents is at least equal to any bad

3)

God works in mysterious ways and humans do not understand His morality

4)

we must defend the innocent to the point of killing those who threaten them because it is justice

Question 12 (1 point)





The eye for an eye view of capital punishment is known as the revenge argument.

Question 12 options:

Question 13 (1 point)





The most morally significant argument for war is ______________.

Question 13 options:

1)

overpopulation

2)

economic gain

3)

technological development

4)

a necessary evil

Question 14 (1 point)





In the Platonic dialogue __________, Socrates famously discussed the decision to drink the poison hemlock.

Question 14 options:

1)

The Republic

2)

The Georgias

3)

The Crito

4)

The Sophist

Question 15 (1 point)





Capital punishment can be justified as a deterrent is a view held by ________________.

Question 15 options:

1)

Retributivists

2)

Restitutionists

3)

Pacifists

4)

Utilitarians

Question 16 (1 point)





The main argument against the morality of capital punishment is that __________________.

Question 16 options:

1)

it is cruel and inhumane

2)

we have no right to take life, only God has this right

3)

it is a violation of the Value of Life principle

4)

it offers no chance for rehabilitation

Question 17 (1 point)





The main argument against war is that it is a massive violation of the principle of _________.

Question 17 options:

1)

freedom

2)

justice

3)

goodness

4)

life

Question 18 (1 point)





Terrorism can be defined as ________________________________________.

Question 18 options:

1)

war against civilians to undermine their leaders, government, and policies

2)

politics by other means

3)

an attempt by the third world to express anger at the first world

4)

war against non-religious civilians by religious groups

Question 19 (1 point)





Suicide is a selfish act that doesn’t adequately take into account the interests of the grief- stricken family and friends who are left behind. This reasoning forms the basis of which argument against the morality of suicide?

Question 19 options:

1)

The irrationality argument

2)

The domino argument

3)

The religions argument

4)

The justice argument

Question 20 (1 point)





Killing to defend the innocent is accepted by all moral systems.

Question 20 options:

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