Teenagers attitude toward smoking in London

 Research reviews show that three quarters of mature people who are tobacco users started to use it in their youthful days below eighteen years of age. In most family settings, smoking is highly prohibited. Exposure of teens to smoking siblings encourages tobacco use more than other family based relationships. Peer pressure is a major factor that contributes to young people embracing smoking habits. Findings suggest that most people indulge in smoking to fit in a particular social group or culture. Additionally, many teenagers are coarsened by their peers to smoke. Investigations suggest that smoking prevalence is likely to be high among girls at the age of 13 than boys. In contrast, the trend changes in the late teen years to the early twenties. The media is a key contributor to the number of teens who pick up smoking through the exposure to content that advocates for smoking. This paper proposes a research to discover at what age young people start smoking, analyze the reasons, and investigate the variation between men’s and women’s attitudes towards smoking. The study will be approached through a Non-probability sampling technique that enables the investigator to select individuals from a large population as a representative sample

Literaturereview

At what age do young people start smoking?       

Tobacco use is among the most preventable causes of premature mortality and mobility in the developed world (Molyneux, Lewis and Antoniak 128). Research assessments show that many smokers begin tobacco use in their early teenage years. Additionally, people who start smoking while young are at risk of premature deaths caused by smoke-related illnesses such as cancer and heart diseases. Despite many anti-tobacco campaigns and knowledge about the harmful consequences of smoking, the habit remains common among adolescents in London. According to Molyneux, Lewis and Antoniak, adolescent smokers are nicotine addicts and the majority will continue smoking for several years (129). Research reviews show that three quarters of mature people who are tobacco users started to use it in their youthful days below eighteen years of age (ASH 3). Estimates indicate that among children who indulge in smoking, at least, one-third to one-half of them are likely to become addicted (ASH 3). Regular smoking is defined as having one cigarette in a week by the UK government. Analysis on smoking among high school learners in Britain show that in 2014, students who were identified as consistent smokers had an average of 31.1 rollups weekly while occasional smokers had five (UK Government 6). The study concluded that the sum of cigarettes smoked by consistent users had declined considerably since 2007 despite the high prevalence among adolescents (UK Government 6).

The study’s strengths are drawn from consecutive studies done since the early 1990s to describe the trends in smoking among the youth. The studies fail to elaborate the changing dimension of smoking among the youth in comparison to other countries to identify the influence the change of the UK’s economy has on smoking among the youth.

Why do young people start to smoke?           

Family and social-economic factors. Mahabee-Gittens research reviews that different levels of family influences can lead to varying trends in teenage smoking behaviors (3). The research was carried out to find the association family matters have on teen tobacco use in various racial ethnic communities. A longitudinal approach was employed in the study. A multistage sampling approach was employed to identify representatives between nine and eight years old across the USA and random sampling was used to select children and parents who were eligible for the study. The questionnaires administered in the research were formulated to resemble national surveys (Mahabee-Gittens 4)….

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