The Big Five Personality Model

1) Using 2 academic references outside of class write a literature review on the Big 5 model of personality theory (Literature Review – 5 points).

2) Think about a person you are very close to that you have had an opportunity to observe on many occasions. They could be a friend, family member, or co-worker. Describe that person’s behavior in various settings compared to your own, and based only on your description develop a hypothesis predicting the personality level for each of the five dimensions of the Big 5 (Hypothesis – 5 points). For example, are they more introverted or extraverted? Agreeable or less agreeable, etc.? Would you score them as a 2 or a 4?

3) After you have developed your hypothesis, administer the personality inventory measure to that person, calculate the scores and include them in a written results section in your paper describing your steps and the results (Methods section – 5 points).

4) Compare the results to your prediction


The Big Five Personality Model classifies human personality into five large factors. Each factor seeks to account for the vast variation in traits of individuals. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, researchers conducted independent works with the aim of developing a generalized tool to define human personality. Following a series of setbacks and developments, the Five Factor Model emerged as the commonly applied character tool. Historical reflection on the development of FFM offers a better understanding of the various attributes of the tool.

Literature Review

Understanding and interpreting personality have previously assumed numerous perspectives. Several personality scales have been developed, with most of them, uniquely contributing to the psychological understanding of the numerous characters that exist. The presence of different personality scales has in the past challenged scientific works, considering the diversity and systemic accumulation of scientific work. In the past few decades, the scientific community has shared a common objective of developing a universally applicable personality tool. After several years of joint and independent research, the “Big Five Personality Model” is emerging as the general personality taxonomy tool.

The Big Five Model is the personality instrument made up of five dimensions; Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability and Intellect (Openness to Experience). The five dimensions do not represent a single theoretical approach, but has been developed from the common language terms that individuals use to describe their personality and those of other people. Psychologists do not agree on one single definition of personality. However, there is a consensus that personality entails an individual’s actions, the impression that one creates and typical pattern in the behavior of a person. Personality traits are unique to an individual. Hence, two or more people cannot share the same personality, not even identical twins. The Big Five Personality Model is largely based on this principle.

Each of the dimension that makes up the Big Five Personality Model holds a set of traits that tend to occur together. The Big Five Personality Model enhances the ability of psychologists to focus on a specific domain of personality traits, instead of researching on thousands of personality attributes that make individuals unique. The Big Five Personality Model serves as an integration model that represents diverse personality definition systems. Adoption of the Big Five Personality Model is clouded with many historical turnouts. To develop an in-depth understanding of the Big Five Personality Model, it is crucial to reflect the underlying history. This literature review rather focuses on the hierarchical structuring of the Big Five Model, development of each of the five dimensions and their application, personality traits and the relevant concepts.

History of The Big Five Personality Model

The Lexical Approach The use of common language to describe certain personality traits is boundless. More than often, words in different languages are coined, with the aim of representing a particular trait or character…

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