The Role and Purpose of Qigong in (Or For) Sports Science

this should become my thesis proposal (2-3pages; for the later to be written masters`s (60 pp.)

method: literature review (integrated, OR systematic)
field: sports, psychology, health related, can be philosophical/cultural also as there are not many sport (exercise concept) related papers of qigong out there.

though there are many clinical reports nowadays concerned with the measurement of health benefits, little to nothing is known from a sports scientific point of view (contents, goals etc). that’s why I should write this paper.

the connection to “mindfulness” like taught in (MBSR) can be made, but is only a part of the qigong method. also, there should not be put too much weight on the concepts discussed in alternative medicine (TCM, Biofeedback etc).

One model from exercise & health science (stress protection)can be used or from systemic psychology (I don’t know any unfortunately) to describe, what qigong is or how it functions …..

as qigong is a very complex method and I have to describe only one little concrete part of qi gong (like the exercise science behind AND/OR review on health outcomes), the exact research question and subquestions are not defined yet. it should become clear what the purpose of qigong is and benefit for sports science (health related).

proposal should include about 7 categories by which qigong as a sport method can be presented or described in the fiel of sport (there are none in the literature)…maybe one could take fitness categories (strength, flexibility to extract from the reviews)

Can compare qigong to yoga or taiquiquan also where necessary.

the end result should be a paper like Bonura (2011) has written on yoga (attached/ files)….. D

1 starting position and problem definition
Description of the theoretical, empirical or practical problem, which represents the starting point and the basic concern of the work. Based on this formulation of the general question of the work, the scientific and practical relevance of which must become clear.
2 state of research
Brief description of the main theoretical concepts and approaches on which the work is expected to be based. First summaries of empirical findings (state of the art) in connection with the question of the work.
3 Methodical approach
Describe in which databases and based on which search word combinations the literature to be edited should be searched.

Starting Position And Problem Definition

Researchers are increasingly focusing on the health benefits associated with traditional Chinese wellness practices such as qigong. Qigong is largely perceived to be an alternative traditional medicine, and little insights focus on it in the context of sports science (Jahnke, Larkey, Roge, Etnier, & Lin, 2010). Reviews by Bonura (2011) show that a cross-sectional survey done among older adults that involved a population sample of 1200 had 62.9% of the people engaging in practices considered to be complementary alternative medicine (CAM) modality. Further insights highlight that modalities are used mostly in managing psychological or stress-related disorders. Qigong is perceived to be a vegetative biofeedback therapeutic practice that entails concentrating motion and postures and coordinating breathing (Matos et al., 2015). The increased acceptance of the practice together with Tai Chi, Yoga, and Pranayama from India shows that practitioners and people find them effective in achieving different health objectives (Songa, Lib, Zhangc, Sunc, & Mao, 2018; Jahnke, Larkey, Roge, Etnier, & Lin, 2010; Bonura, 2011). Although there has been substantial focus on practices like Yoga that are widely practiced across the globe, little insights emerge about qigong. Researchers who have focused on the practice show that it is associated with different mental and physical rewards. Klein, Picard, Baumgarden, and Schneider (2017) alludes the use of qigong entails considerations that it has both physical and energy aspects that are embodied in the internal and external of the physical body. In this light, this paper intends to propose a study that focuses on understanding the physical benefits of practicing qigong to clarify the understanding of “disease” from a western and holistic perspective.

According to Klein, Picard, Baumgarden, and Schneider (2017), qigong is a large concept that emerges from Chinese philosophy. An array of researchers and experts allude that qigong is based on engaging in static executives involving controlled breathing, mental intent, and self-massage. These aspects play an important role when individuals engage in physical activities. Engaging in physical practices requires effective control of breathing as well as mental preparation when engaging in sporting activities. Drawing from the research conducted by Klein, Picard, Baumgarden, and Schneider (2017) understanding how qigong exercises work can help in defining the operational concepts behind the practice. Subsequently, focus on the physical impact the practice has on people can help in prescriptive practices that are associated with addressing certain clinical issues and enhance the integration of the practice with medicine and sports. Such an understanding can contribute to the understanding of diseases from a western and holistic perspective as the eastern and western conceptualizations are integrated through practicing qigong to address physical challenges.  Li (2017) states that traditional ethnic sports are practiced in modern societies as cross-cultural activities, which are increasingly being adopted across the globe. Drawing from different examples, the author shows that qigong is a sport that is increasingly being adopted in the West. Furthermore, the ‘World Taiji and Qigong Day”  is celebrated in more than 80 nations on the last Saturday of April since 1999 (Li, 2017)…

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